Meet the Kanzler 1; a very impressive German typewriter, build in 1904 (sn 2514). The one I bought (see pictures and video) still works, except for missing a ribbon and a platen knob. Each typebar has eight characters, controlled by a column of four keys and a shift. For an English explanation of how this machine works, see the Virtual Typewriter Museum. For a German history of the Kanzler factory, see "Die Geschichte der deutschen Schreibmaschinen Fabriken".